There are several ways to manually brew coffee, but here are the general steps for a basic method using a pour-over:
Start by heating up your water to around 200-205°F (93-96°C). You can use a kettle or a stovetop to heat your water.
Grind your coffee beans to a medium-fine consistency. The amount of coffee you need will depend on the size of your brewer and how strong you want your coffee to be. As a general rule of thumb, use 1-2 tablespoons of coffee per 6 oz of water.
Place a filter in your pour-over brewer and wet it with hot water. This will help remove any paper taste and also warm up your brewer.
Add your coffee grounds to the filter and shake it gently to level the bed of coffee.
Begin pouring hot water over the coffee grounds, starting from the center and moving in a circular motion outwards. Be careful not to pour too fast, as this can cause the coffee to over-extract and taste bitter.
Continue pouring in stages, allowing the water to pass through the coffee and into your cup. Aim to keep the water level consistent with the top of the coffee bed.
Once all the water has passed through the coffee, discard the filter and grounds, and enjoy your freshly brewed coffee!
Other manual brewing methods include French press, AeroPress, and Chemex, each with their own unique brewing techniques and equipment.